Various civilizations have used glue and resin for thousands of years for various purposes. The ancient Egyptians, for instance, used a mixture of bone, hide, and eggshells to make glue for their wooden furniture and pottery. The Greeks and Romans also used glue made from animal hides and hooves in their woodworking and construction projects.
In the Middle Ages, glue production became more advanced with the use of animal collagen, which was boiled to create a strong adhesive. This method was widely used in Europe for woodworking, bookbinding, and other crafts. During the Renaissance, glue production continued to evolve using natural resins such as shellac, which was harvested from trees and used as a varnish and adhesive.
In the 20th century, glue and resin production became more industrialized and chemical-based. With the discovery of synthetic polymers and the development of modern manufacturing techniques, a wide range of new adhesives and resins were introduced to the market.
Today, many different types of glue and resin are available, each with unique properties and uses. Some of the most popular adhesives include cyanoacrylate glue (commonly known as super glue), epoxy, and polyurethane adhesives. In contrast, resins such as polyester, epoxy, and polyurethane are widely used in construction, automotive, and aerospace industries.
Despite the advancements in modern glue and resin production, many traditional methods of adhesive production are still in use today, particularly in small-scale and artisanal industries. Animal-based glues, for instance, are still used in violin making, and natural resins like amber and dammar are used in traditional varnish production.
In conclusion, the history of glue and resin production is a long and fascinating one, spanning thousands of years and countless civilizations. From ancient bone and hide glues to modern-day synthetic polymers, adhesives and resins have played a crucial role in the development of human civilization and continue to be a vital component of our daily lives.